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Total ETS emissions from stationary installations declined by 4.1 % between 2017 and 2018. Emissions from combustion installations declined by 5.9 %, mainly due to the phasing out of coal use in power plants, while those from other industrial installations decreased by 0.7 %. ETS emissions from airline operators continued to increase, up 4.0 % in 2018 relative to 2017, reflecting mainly the increasing demand for air travel.
Under measures currently in place, Member States, Iceland and Norway project that ETS emissions will continue to decrease, albeit slower than the historical rate. The overall 36 % projected reduction by 2030, compared with 2005 levels, is not yet in line with the 43 % reduction objective. Ten countries project increasing ETS emissions until 2030.
Despite fewer EU emission allowances (EUAs) being auctioned in 2018 than in 2017, revenue from auctions increased from EUR 5.5 billion to EUR 14.1 billion. This increase reflects the increase in the average allowance price, from EUR 5.8 per tonne in 2017 to EUR 15.5 per tonne in 2018.
In 2018, the surplus of emission allowances was the same as in 2017, amounting to around 1.65 billion. If the net demand for allowances from aviation is also taken into account, then the number of allowances available to operators was lower in 2018 compared to the previous year. About 397 million allowances are expected to enter the Market Stability Reserve (MSR) between September 2019 and August 2020. According to EEA estimates based on the latest Member State projections, with measures currently in place, the total number of allowances in circulation (TNAC) might not fall below the lower MSR threshold of 400 million before 2030.